Exercise rehabilitation protocol
Femoroacetabular impingement syndrome (FAI)
FAI syndrome is caused by premature contact of the femur and acetabulum during hip movement.
The 2 classifications of FAIS are cam and clamp impacts. The aspheric deformation of the femoral head occurs with the deformation of the cam, while the deformation of the clamp shows excessive prominence of the outer edge of the acetabulum.
Nonoperative rehabilitation protocols include 4 central objectives:
- Postural positioning.
- Basic strength,
- Hip strength and motor control,
- Functional range of motion.
Effective rehabilitation relies on the practitioner’s ability to individualize programming based on specific desired outcomes.
Terrell et al. (2020), presented an overview of FAI, including a common protocol for FAI rehabilitation.
In future articles, examples of progressions and exercises will be presented, including:
- Postural exercises
- Basic stabilization exercises
- Hip strength and motor control exercises
- Flexibility and mobility exercises
Terrell et al. 2020. Therapeutic exercise approaches for the nonoperative and postoperative management of femoroacetabular impingement syndrome. Journal of Athletic Training 2020; 55 (11): 000–000.
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